What are the types of dental implants?

  • Root Form Dental Implant
    Root Form Dental Implant is the most commonly used implant.In this implant, a fixture is placed directly into the jawbone. It involves inserting a screw-type titanium fixture directly into your jawbone under anesthesia. If your jawbone is too narrow for placement of the Root Form implants, bone grafting may be needed. Root Form Dental Implant is also known as the Endosteal Implant. The fixture fuses with the natural bone to provide a strong foundation, just like natural tooth roots. Once the jawbone heals,it can act as a solid unit ready to support your new tooth or teeth. Then a false tooth is attached making it look absolutely normal and which greatly enhances the patient's smile. The healing period usually varies from as few as three months to six months.There are several advantages of these implants. Some of the advantages includes
    • Natural look
    • Long lasting
    • Strong
    • High tensile strength
  • Plate Form Dental Implant
    The plate form implant is an acceptable alternative to root form implants. The plate form implant is also known as a ‘blade implant’. Plate form implants are usually used when the jawbone is so narrow it may not be suitable for the root form dental implant. The plate form implant is long and flat which makes it ideally suited to patients with a short or narrow jaw. This long and flat rectangular plate is inserted underneath the gum and into the jawbone. There is usually a healing period of three to six months, although some plate form implants are designed for immediate restoration.

    Some of its advantages are:
    • Durable
    • Ideal for narrow jawbones
    • Attached to your natural teeth
  • Subperiosteal Dental Implants is a viable solution for patients who lack sufficient bone for traditional implants, mostly due to the degeneration of bone mass. These implants consist of a metal framework that attaches on top of the jawbone but underneath the gum tissue. A subperiosteal dental implant do not penetrate a patient’s jaw bone. Titanium is used to construct the implant framework just like any other standard root form implants. This type of dental implants can also address the concerns of a patient who is experiencing difficulty in chewing food. It can also help patients who finds it impossible to wear his or her set of dentures.
  • Two / Three Piece Implants: The conventional dental implants are all of the two-piece design. The two pieces (root portion and the abutment) of the implant helps support the artificial tooth in case of single tooth replacement. In certain situations, in screw retained prostheses, the two-piece implants turn out to be three piece implants.
  • Single Piece Implant: In Single Piece Implants, the abutment portion comes attached to the implant unlike the conventional two /three piece implants. Therefore, these implants provide several advantages which two / three piece implants do not provide.
Here are some of the advantages of using the single piece systems:
  • Quick and simple procedures
  • Immediate loading
  • Less armamentarium
  • Economical and very affordable dental implants
  • Can be used in patients with poor bone quality and quantity
  • Can be used in anatomically unfavorable situations
  • Helps avoid sinus lifts and bone augmentation / grafting procedures
  • Overcomes disadvantages of two piece implants which cannot be used in patients with poor periodontal conditions, smokers and diabetics

Comparison of Two Piece & Single Piece Dental Implants

Both dental implant types have the same success rate of 98% and it is usually the dentist who decides which type of dental implants to use. If, for some reason, the dental implant dentist leaves the decision to you then you can choose either one but the one stage dental implant type is a bit shorter and a less painful procedure.

Comparison of Crestal and Basal Dental Implants

Crestal and basal implants are endosseous aids to create osseointegrated points of retention for fixed or removable dentures. These two types of implants are not only differentiated by the way they are inserted and by the way forces are transmitted. Rather, the more substantial differences lie in the planning and execution of prosthodontic care and, most of all, in the post-insertion treatment regime.

Crestal implants (i.e. implants inserted from the top of the alveolar crest into the bone such as cylinders and blade implants) are indicated in situations where an adequate vertical bone supply present. Although, crestal implants enjoy a high degree of success, their success is reduced in cases where bone augmentation procedures become part of the treatment. In addition, augmentation procedures increase the overall costs of dental implant treatment as well as the number of necessary operations.

Basal implants by contrast, were developed additionally and primarily for immediate use as well as for use in the atrophied jawbone. They can also be applied where very little vertical bone is present, while the supply of horizontal bone is still sufficient, even if these quantities are not contiguous such as in the sinus region. There are no difficult or impossible cases for implantologists familiar with basal implants, and their use leads in all cases straight forward to the desired treatment result. As the use of BOI implants can help avoid risky and expensive bone augmentation procedures, these implants are the therapy of first choice in moderately or severely atrophied jaws as well as in those cases, where immediate loading or cheaper treatments are desired by the patients.

What are the benefits of dental implants?

Eat Better: Dentures can only deliver a small fraction of the biting force of natural teeth. With dental implants, patients can bite with forces close to that of natural teeth. Better chewing efficiency results in better digestion leading to improved health of patients

Speak Better: One fear, which denture wearers have, is that of their dentures coming out of their mouths when they speak. Implant supported prostheses are retained firmly to the jaw, allowing patients to speak with confidence.

Look Better: Implant supported crowns and bridges can be made to look very natural, with excellent aesthetics, which greatly enhances the patient's smile.

Feel Better: Implant supported dentures can be fabricated with reduced extensions, so that patients feel less bulk in their mouths while wearing their denture. With dental implants you won't have your dentures slipping and sliding in your mouth again and you will enjoy excellent fitted dentures.
Are you a candidate for dental implants?
An ideal candidate for a dental implant is one who is in good general and oral health. Adequate bone in your jaw is required to support the implant, View More
Procedure for Dental Implants
Dental implants are surgically placed directly into the jawbone from within the mouth, under anesthesia. Small posts (abutments) are then attached to the implants, View More
Success Stories
When you entrust your teeth to Dr Prasanth Pillai, you don't get just one specialist to sort out your smile, but a whole team. And what a lovely team this is: Incredibly professional, View More
Dental Implants Cost in India
Dental implants price in India is very low compared to other countries. In the United States, for example, dental implants prices typically range from $3k to $11k, depending on the number of teeth. View More
Dental Implant FAQ's
What are Dentures?
Dentures are removable false teeth made for replacing the teeth you have lost. Dentures can be complete or partial. View More
Dental Implants Information
What are dental tooth implants? | What are the benefits of dental implants? | What can dental or teeth implants do? | What are the problems with dental implants?
What are the advantages of dental implants? | What are the types of dental implants? | What can I expect after dental implants surgery?
Latest developments in dental implants